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Pentecost in the Old Testament

The Pentecost of The 70
Numbers 11:16-29

In the Old Testament there is an episode of Pentecost recorded in the Book of Numbers. Yahweh said to Moses:

Numbers 11:16-17 - Then the LORD said to Moses, "Assemble for me seventy of the elders of Israel, men you know for true elders and authorities among the people, and bring them to the meeting tent. When they are in place beside you, I will come down and speak with you there. I will also take some of the spirit that is on you and will bestow it on them, that they may share the burden of the people with you. You will then not have to bear it by yourself.

Moses gather them around the Tent. The Lord came down in he cloud, and put some of the Spirit that was on him and put it on the elders, and when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied. But two men chosen, were left behind in the Camp, they could not go to the Tent, and yet the Spirit, at the same time, came to rest on then, and they also prophesied in the Camp (Num.11:16-17, 24-26).

Here Moses said some prophetic words: "I wish that all the Lord's people were prophets and that the Lord would bestow his spirit on them all!".

Num 11:26-30 - Now two men, one named Eldad and the other Medad, were not in the gathering but had been left in the camp. They too had been on the list, but had not gone out to the tent; yet the spirit came to rest on them also, and they prophesied in the camp. So, when a young man quickly told Moses, "Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp," Joshua, son of Nun, who from his youth had been Moses' aide, said, "Moses, my lord, stop them." But Moses answered him, "Are you jealous for my sake? Would that all the people of the LORD were prophets! Would that the LORD might bestow his spirit on them all!"

This wish was made a prophecy by Joel (3:28-30), and it was fulfilled in the New Testament in the Great Pentecost.

"This was what was spoken through the prophet Joel: In the last days it will be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophecy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams. Even upon my slaves, both men an women, in those days I will pour out my Spirit, and they shall prophecy. And I will show portents in the heavens above and signs on the earth below, blood, and fire, and a cloud of smoke. The sun shall be turned to darkness and the moon to blood, before the coming of the Lord's great and glorious day. Then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved" (Act.2:16-21).




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Special thanks and credit to: J_Dominguez

 

 

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